Are you living in a condo/flat and don’t have any space to grow any herbs or veggies? Don’t worry, we have many ideas on how to help. Here we provide a handful of design solutions that can be easily implemented in your kitchen or living room, on the stairs or window sill, and more.
Urbanscape Green Roofs
CAD (Computer Aided Design) is a combination of hardware and software computer technology that enables designers (architects, engineers, etc.) to replace manual drafting with the precision of a digital process capable of creating 2D and 3D models, drawings and plans.
The first known sketch of vertical farms, from Rem Koolhaas in 1909 was presented in his book Delirious New York. In it he talked about the skyscraper “as Utopian device for the production of unlimited numbers of virgin sites on a metropolitan location.” Shortly afterward (1915), G.E. Bailey coined the phrase “vertical farming” and published a book of the same name.
But why is vertical farming getting the importance?
The most important factor in the question of farming and increased vertical farming is world population growth, which is expected to grow from 7 billion people in 2011 to 9 billion in 2045; and whereby 54% of people live in cities today, the UN expects the number to increase to 66% by 2050. In addition: at this rate of population growth total world production of fruits and vegetables will have to rise from the current 2.4 billion tons in 2011 to 3.1 billion tons in 2045 – so the question, understandably, is this: Where will all this food come from?
But first a few words on the history of vertical farming
Before Gilbert Ellis Bailey, PhD invented the phrase “vertical farming” people lived in harmony with nature for thousands of years. Actually, it all started with hanging gardens of Babylon.
In ancient Rome in the year 500, the Romans were growing grapes that climbed walls or wooden structures. Around 1150, the Aztecs were growing food in floating gardens. And in the 15th century the Incas were building forts to support their efforts to bring soil from the valleys to the mountains in order to plant for food.
Bioremediation – are you familiar with the process?
Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves using organisms to remove or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site.
Bioremediation is a treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down hazardous substances into less toxic or non-toxic substances. It works by providing these pollution-eating organisms with fertilizers, oxygen, and other conditions that encourage their rapid growth.
|Shortly, as remediate means to solve a problem, “Bio-remediate” means to use biological organisms (bacteria, yeast, and fungi), using pollutants as a source of food or in co-metabolism processes to solve an environmental problem. Bioremediation is most commonly used to solve problems related to oil spills or the introduction of various pollutants into the environment and the consequent contamination of groundwater.|
Plants have been growing on building façades since the first stone was laid – but living walls represent the next generation. The father of the patent for the idea of a green wall was Stanley Hart White back in 1938. However, it was Patrick Blanc who created the most famous green wall at the Musee du Quai Branly in Paris. Since then he has been recognized as the godfather of the ‘vegetal wall’.
Although we can use many names to describe this living wall, all of these names actually describe the distinguishing feature of the green wall itself. Some people use it to cover a concrete wall and improve its appearance; and some people do not have gardens, so they use vertical gardens to harvest various crops.
There are many places in urban areas where big visual changes can be achieved with the simplest of landscaping solutions – and where carefully implemented ideas can provide welcome relief from the mass of concrete structures in urban areas and at the same time introduce substantial changes to the modern architectural cityscape.
Why is this so important?
According to several studies the presence of green areas not only makes the surroundings look nicer, but also has a relaxing psychological effect, helps reduce blood pressure and lowers our heart rate. And much more…
"People want to get reconnected with nature and want to transform underutilised land to produce clean air and clean water, good micro-climates and good food. They recognize the urgent need to capture carbon and to create landscapes teeming with wildlife. At the same time, they want to be protected from flooding and they want access to land for better health and wellbeing.”
Merrick Denton Thompson OBE, CMLI
In California, the largest part of all urban water usage goes to landscaping.
There, water consumption for outdoor applications can reach as much as 60% of total urban consumption (according to AWWA Research Foundation). Many ongoing initiatives for California's urban landscape management are currently on the table aimed at setting “new norms” for the urban environment. The focus is on creating a self-sustaining environment with self-sufficient vegetation, with the aim of radically reducing water consumption as much as possible.
The landscaping industry has been constantly evolving during recent years and is expected to continue to see good growth in the coming years. Wondering why? The answer is simple – because people are becoming more particular about maintaining their yards and environments, both for their own enjoyment and also with a view to increasing the value of their home. A clean, well-kept property is easier to sell and will achieve a higher sales price than a property that is poorly maintained.
But it’s not just private owners – public places are an integral part of the picture, too.
Let's take a closer look at Europe1 (with similar trends worldwide):
- 75% of Europeans – and well more in the future – live in or around cities.
- City dwellers are exposed to pollutant levels exceeding EU air quality standards, in particular particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O3), with road transport being a significant source.
- Half of the EU's urban population is exposed to traffic noise levels above 55 dB.
- Cities emit 69% of Europe's CO2.
As these phenomena is not limited to the EU only, it is evident that a large part of the world’s population is now looking to move to a city, or lead their life in an urban metropolitan area; and at the very least will have to become totally dependent on food and other products drawn from renewable resources. (Swedin, 20132).